Explore a mountainous area of Northeast Greece to discover its rich flora and fauna this summer!
Join us for a week in northern Greece, Macedonia, near Edesa and Naousa, to explore Mount Vermion, Mount Vornos and if time permits Mount Voras (Kaimaktsalan). We should be able to drive to the alpine areas to look for the endemic plants of these mountains but also for the Lilies that are found there such as Lilium chalcedonicum, Lilium albanicum and Lilium jankae.
Kaimaktsalan, known as mount Voras in Greek, is the third highest mountain in Greece and it is located along the Greek-Northern Macedonian border. The highest peak is Voras Kaimaktsalan at 2.524 meters heigh. It was the scene some bitter fighting during World War 1. Other high peaks of Voras is Jenna (2.182 meters) and Pinovo (2.156 meters).
The geology is mainly of acid schists, different from the other Greek, typically limestone mountains. The mountain is covered by forests of oak, beech and pine. It is a very important area for resident raptors, forest species and species of open upland habitats. Much of the mountain has been proposed to included in Natura 2000 regions. In the woods there are Black, White-backed and Middle-spotted Woodpeckers.
Several arctic-alpine or boreal taxa as well as taxa of the Alps and Carpathians have their southernmost occurrences on non-calcareous high mountains in N. CentraI Greece, usually on Mts Voras and/or Varnous, sometimes extending to Verrnion, Gramos or Smolikas.
The list includes at least the following:
Apiaceae: Ligusticum mutellina;
Asteraceae: Achillea clusiana, Adenostyles alliariae, Hieracium alpicola, Leontodon autumnalis, Senecio abrotanifolius subsp. carpathicus, Senecio subalpinus;
Campanulaceae: Phyteuma orbiculare;
Caryophyllaceae: Stellaria uliginosa;
Cyperaceae: Carex canescens, Carex lasiocarpa, Carex limosa, Eriophorum angustifolium, Eriophorum vaginatum, Rhynchospora alba;
Ericaceae: Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. microphyllum, V. vitis-idaea;
Fabaceae: Trifolium badium;
Gentianaceae: Gentiana punctata;
Juncaceae: Juncus trifidus, Luzula alpinopilosa;
Onagraceae: Epilobium palustre; Poaceae: Agrostis canina, Agrostis rupestris;
Rosaceae: Alchemilla gorcensis, Alchemilla straminea;
Saxifragaceae: Saxifraga pedemontana subsp. cymosa, Saxifraga rotundifolia subsp. heucherifolia, Saxifraga stellaris subsp. alpigena;
Scrophulariaceae: Rhinanthus minor, Veronica bellidioides;
Violaceae: Viola palustris.
Apsalos gorge, between Edessa and Aridea. for breeding Egyptian vultures, Peregrines, Lesser-grey shrike and Olive-tree warblers.
Mount Vermion is a long, high ridge to the west of Naousa and Beroia. There are vast areas of beech-woodland and hornbeam. Birds nest orchid, wintergreens, Iris sintenisii, Lilium chalchedonicum, Knautia drymia, Geranium reflexum,. The mountain consists mainly of limestone.
We shall be looking out for butterflies too, with many interesting species expected.
Our base for the week is Archontiko Agonari, in the aptly named Village of Metamoprhosis. It is sits above the nearby town of Naousa, overlooking Mount Vermion and is just a few kms away from the ski resort.